There are three steps in an orthodontist’s education: college, dental school and orthodontic residency program. It can take 10 or more years of education after high school to become an orthodontist. After completing college requirements, the prospective orthodontist attends dental school. Upon graduation, the future orthodontist must be accepted as a student in an accredited orthodontic residency program, then successfully complete a minimum of two academic years of study. The orthodontic student learns the skills required to manage tooth movement (orthodontics) and guide facial development (dentofacial orthopedics).
- Only those who have successfully completed this formal education may call themselves “orthodontists.”
- Orthodontists limit their scope of work to orthodontics only.
- Orthodontists are uniquely qualified in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of orthodontic problems. They dedicate their professional lives to creating healthy, beautiful smiles in children, teens and adults. Well-aligned teeth are more than attractive: they make it possible to bite, chew and speak effectively. Orthodontic care is often part of a comprehensive oral health plan.
- Orthodontists use a variety of “appliances,” including braces, clear aligner trays and retainers, to move teeth or hold them in their new positions. Because of orthodontists’ advanced education and clinical experience, they have the knowledge and skills necessary to recommend the best kind of appliance to meet every individual patient’s treatment goals.
The American Association of Orthodontists recommends a check-up with an orthodontist no later than age 7.
Yes, adults can have their teeth straightened. Today, more and more adults are discovering orthodontics. Sometimes parents and children are in treatment at the same time. There are different orthodontic choices for adults, including braces or Invisalign.
Typically, braces do not hurt. After braces are applied or adjusted, there may be some discomfort or soreness. This should only last for a day or two. There are over-the-counter medications that are available for minor pain relief. As always, contact your orthodontist if you have any questions or concerns.
Yes, you need to see your general dentist during orthodontic treatment. Patients should schedule dental checkups every six months while in braces. This is often more important during orthodontic treatment, as braces can make your teeth more difficult to clean.
The average time it takes for orthodontic treatment is between 18-24 months, but every case is unique, so times will vary. Attending regular appointments, as well as maintaining good oral hygiene, will help to keep the treatment plan on schedule.